During a music recording session, the recording studio equipment that’s needed will give the artists the versatility they require in order to achieve their recording goals.  Here we will take a look at the common recording studio equipment that’s utilized during a session and find out why these components are vital in providing the studio employees as well as the artist with high quality recordings.

Microphones and Mixing Boards

Microphones are needed in order to capture the sound from instruments that are not plugged directly into the studio’s mixing board and other types of recording apparatus.  The microphone will capture the sound as it travels through the air in the studio and turns it into electrical energy and will then modify, amplify, record and enhance the sound. One of the more obvious uses for a microphone is recording the singer’s voice. Microphones are also used in order to capture sound that comes from the amplifiers, such as those that are used by an electric guitar player. The special microphones that are found in a recording studio is used to capture sounds from different types of acoustic instruments such as strings, guitars, woodwinds, piano, percussions and brass.  An audio engineer will have the technical background needed to select the right microphone for the recording session.

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A mixing board is a large control panel with several rows of knobs. The mixing board will allow the audio engineer and the producer to control sounds that come from the singers and the instruments as they relate to the other sounds in a session. The mixing boards will also cover several other aspects of sound in the final stages of the mixing and recording process. The functions included will involve the amount of treble, bass, fade, effects, delay and stereo, in addition to several others.

Effects Boxes and Faders

Effects boxes will often be used by a musician playing an electric instrument in order to add a certain quality to the sound of their instruments. A musician can plug in their instrument directly into the box and run a cord from the effects box to their amplifier. The box has controls that will modify the amount of effects on the instrument’s sound. These boxes are what make an electric guitar provide a heavy metal sound. Other effects used will include echo, vibrato and delay.

Faders are devices that are located on the studio’s mixing board. The fader will allow the audio engineer to increase or decrease the sound, gradually becoming quieter by the end of the recording. This is done solely with the fading function. At times two faders can be connected in different directions, which will allow one sound to fade in while another sound fades out.

The supplies that are used in a recording studio will depend on the plans for the recording session or the album overall. There are studios that can actually supply special instruments that will improve the sound of a track recording, with instruments such as a twelve string guitar or an organ.


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Written by Music Production Schools HQ Staff


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