Audio production involves the art of recording, editing, mixing and capturing sound to a type of storage device for later retrieval. As an audio engineer you will work as the person responsible for making a recording possible and work as part of the final steps in an album or film production process. The engineer will have experience and training in the manipulation and production of sound.  In TV and film, the audio production portion of a project will be recorded separately from the intended video. For the video or film camera’s that are used in a professional setting, they will not have built-in microphones and instead all of the dialogue will be recorded by using either a wireless microphone or a boom microphone.

How Post Production Works

The post audio production aspect of a recording will refer to the editing and finalizing done for a project once all of the scenes have gone through final shooting.  Once post production has begun and editors have assembled a final cut of the project the post production aspect will go into action.  With the final cut in hand a post-production audio engineer will begin what is referred to as spotting the film with sound. As part of an audio engineer team they will look for lines of spoken dialogue that feature bad recordings, where they can add ambient background noise such as cars honking or birds chirping and they will also look for places that need details added, such as footsteps, or faucets running.

mixing console

The composer for this team will look for places where original music that has been created for the film needs to be added to a particular moment in the movie.

Dialogue Editors and Sound Engineers

The dialogue editor on the team will need to replace pieces of dialogue that is unusable. The editor will be required to speak with the actors and ask them to come in for dialogue replacement sessions. During these sessions the editor and the actor will sync the new recorded dialogue with the lip movements in the film and mix the audio in a smooth manner, into the existing recording.

Audio engineers and an effect editor will spend the majority of their time collecting samples of natural and ambient sounds. The engineer will record the sound of traffic and will save it as a type of digital file to be added to the film at a later time. The engineer will also record natural sounds such as children playing, washing machines or crowds cheering, with the sound requirements depending exclusively on the type of film.  Some of the best engineers will create effects that are entirely original.

One of the most important steps for post-production is the final mix, where all of the film’s sound elements will be blended and balanced together.  This job is typically shared by the effects mixer, audio engineer and music mixer. The final cut for a track is then delivered as a digital file or an optical film stock.


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Written by Music Production Schools HQ Staff


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